Without tires, your car would get nowhere. There are certain things you need to do to care for your tires and give them a long lifespan. To take care of each tire on your car, follow these tips from our professionals at Scott’s Auto.
The tires on your car are the only part of your vehicle that has direct contact with the road. They not only affect how you drive and how your ride feels, but tires also affect your brakes and overall safety. AAA explains that for optimum performance, tires need to have correct air pressure, tread depth, balance, and the wheels must be properly aligned.
Parts of the Tire
If you’re not familiar with the different parts of the tire, it can make it difficult to understand certain problems that the tires can have. Here are the common parts of the tire explained by Firestone:
- Beads: tire beads are what hold the tire to the rim, or the outer edge of the wheel. They’re made of copper, brass, or bronze-plated high tensile steel wires wound into a rubber band. Beads prevent the tire from sliding out of the place when the wheel rolls.
- Bead filler: this is a rubber compound inside the tire’s beads. It is what provides stability to the lower sidewall and bead area. The density and stiffness of a tire’s bead filler help to make sure a tire’s performance characteristics.
- Radial cord body: the cord body gives the tire strength and transmits cornering forces from the tread to the wheel. Rubber coated fabric cord, also known as body plies, make up the cord body.
- Inner liner: this is a rubber compound bonded to the inside of the cord that retains air under pressure. It has no cord reinforcement and functions like an inner tube. However, modern tires no longer have tubes inside them.
- Belt plies: belt plies are two or more strong layers of cord that lay under the tread area of the tire. The primary function of belt plies is to provide strength and stability to the tire tread. This plays a role in improving tire mileage, impact resistance, and traction.
- Sidewall: the side of the tire, the area of a tire from the bead to the tread, is known as the sidewall. This forms a protective covering for the cord body.
- Tread: the tread of your tire is the part of the tire that comes into contact with the surface of the road. The tread’s compound and design have to balance wear, traction, handling, fuel economy, resistance and other characteristics of the tire.
Signs of Tire Wear
If you aren’t sure about what proper tires look like versus what they look like when they begin to wear down, AAA explains common signs of wear in tires:
- Over inflation: too much air pressure can cause the tire’s middle section to contact the road. When this happens, uneven wear takes place due to the tire becoming primarily worn in the center, with less wear happening around the edges.
- Under inflation: not enough air pressure can cause the tire’s outer edges to hit the road, meaning the outer edges become more worn, with less wear in the center of the tires.
- Tread wear on one edge of the tire: this happens mainly due to wheel misalignment.
- Raised portion of the tread or sidewall: this could indicate that one of the belts in the tire carcass has separated from those next to it.
Other issues with the tires can be noticed while driving, such as unusual vibration or humming noises and noticing a pull to one side or the other as you drive.
How to Care for Your Tires
If you drive a car, you should be caring for your tires to lengthen their lifespan and keep you safe on the road. Here are some things you can do to make sure your doing the most to keep your tires in proper working condition:
- Check your tire pressure at least once a month, correcting the pressure as needed according to the manufacturer directions.
- Have your tires rotated every 3,000 to 5,000 miles.
- Keep an eye on the tread on your tires.
- Make sure your tires are balanced and aligned.
Get Tire Help with Scott’s Auto
Scott’s Auto is your one stop shop for tires and all of your auto repair needs. With our team of ASE Certified technicians on hand, we can diagnose, service and repair your vehicle using the latest in state-of-the-art alignment and diagnostic equipment. Our vast knowledge base gives us the upper hand when it comes to outfitting your vehicle with new Good Year, Michelin, Cooper Tires, Continental Tire, BFGoodrich, Firestone, Toyo, Sumitomo, Yokohama, Nitto or any of the other top tires we carry. Stop by to see us today!